INSTRUCTIONS TO PARTICIPANTS
in the 70th scientific conference with international participation "Food Science, Engineering and Technology - 2023"
Official conference languages
The official languages of the conference are Bulgarian and English!
We urge all our partners from both foreign and Bulgarian universities and research organizations, to comply thereby mandatory requirement!
The manuscripts presented to the English languagethat have successfully passed the peer-review process will be published in BIO Web of Conferences, a journal indexed in Web of Science.
Types of scientific communications presented at the conference
– Plenary reports (duration 20 - 25 min and up to 20 formatted pages - no more than 100,000 characters with spaces, including graphs, tables, figures, references, acknowledgements, etc.) are presented by Guest speakers.
– Short oral presentations (duration 8 -10 min and up to 8 formatted pages - no more than 30000 characters with spacing, including graphs, tables, figures, references, acknowledgements, etc.) should be submitted by the delegates (the author or one of the co-authors), according to the stated wish of the author team.
– Posters - must be submitted by at least one co-author delegate.
Procedure for acceptance of manuscripts
A delegate may participate in the author teams of no more than two manuscripts.
A separate participation fee is required for each report.
All applications are submitted electronically on the electronic platform of the scientific conference at: http://www.scienwork.uft-plovdiv.bg/.
Materials must be in English!
Materials should be formatted according to the instructions to participants, following the mock-up file.
Submissions will be evaluated for their technical compliance with the layout requirements of the paper according to the instructions to the participants!
Manuscripts that do not conform to the technical layout requirements will be returned to the authors for corrections, and if this is not done within the specified deadlines, they will be rejected and not accepted for printing.
Manuscripts that have been reviewed for technical, linguistic and stylistic consistency will be eligible for an independent peer review process. The review process is anonymous and will be conducted by two independent reviewers.
After independent peer review, the scientific communications recommended for publication, submitted in English (after the authors have made the indicated corrections, if any), will be published in the BIO Web of Conferences, indexed in Web of Science.
Instructions to authors
Authors who plan to present oral presentations or posters at the 70th Scientific Conference with international participation “Food Science, Engineering and Technologies 2023”, should prepare their manuscripts following the instructions below.
Contents of the manuscripts
Non-English-speaking authors are strongly advised to edit their manuscripts in English before submission for peer review. It is recommended that manuscripts be edited by scholars who speak native English or by philologists who are experts in English and at the same time familiar with the specific technical terminology of the article. Manuscripts that do not have sufficiently good language to meet English standards will be rejected before the stage of assessment for scientific merit. Manuscripts should be formatted as a Word Document, saved in .docx format, in Times New Roman font and formatted as follows:
Title - up to 12 words, Bold (Half an evening), in script Arial 16.
Иthe author(s) - Italic (Italics mine), with font Times New Roman 10.
Last name of author(s) - Regular (Ordinary), with font Times New Roman 10.
Institutions where the authors work - Regular, с Times New Roman font 9, numbered with the same superscript corresponding with the name, detailed, country.
Author's full details for correspondence (name, scientific position, scientific title, department, faculty/department, institution, postal address, telephone, mobile, fax, e-mail), Regular.
Abstract - up to 200 words, Regular, not including bibliography.
Keywords - up to 7 words, Regular.
List of abbreviations - Regular.
Introduction. To include a review of the available literature, conclusion of the literature review, aim and objectives of the study.
Materials and Methods or Methodology.
Scientific data presented include:
Tables. The description of the tables should be written above them.
Figures - graphs, pictures (photographs), diagrams, etc. The name of the figures should be written below them.
Figures and tables should be placed in their respective places in the text.
The title should accurately reflect the content of the article. It should make it easy to find the article using indexes developed from secondary literature sources.
A good title should:
1) clearly identify the significance of the study;
2) to indicate the objectives of the study;
3) to give a preliminary idea of the important and very important concepts used in the text.
The meaning and order of the words in the title are also important! The title should be useful. It is in itself a kind of label for the article. Headline terms should be limited to those words that provide significant information about the content of the article!
Many readers read the headlines in a magazine's table of contents before deciding whether to turn to an abstract or read an article. Therefore, the headline should pique the reader's interest. Highly specific and highly specialised titles, with words that are only understandable to a specific small group of specialists, are usually passed over by readers. In addition, literary search engines ignore titles that are incomprehensible to the majority of readers and clear to only a few people.
The title should never contain abbreviations, chemical formulas or proprietary names! For this reason, authors should avoid using unusual or outdated terminology.
To save space, the trivial names of chemical compounds, plant and animal species and crops should be used in the title. If a plant crop or micro-organism is not referred to by its trivial name, it is acceptable to use the scientific name (genus and species in Latin).
If there is only one author or if all authors have the same address, this information should not be repeated and listed as many times as there are co-authors of the article.
When reading the abstract, it should be easy to determine the scientific value of the paper (scientific communication) and decide whether to read it further or not. In many cases, most people read Summarynot the whole report. In this way, the summary has the dual function of providing information to those who will read the whole report, and to those who will not read the whole paper. It must be written after the writing of the article is complete and must be completely consistent with the claims made in the publication. To some extent, the abstract may repeat phrases from the article, but since it is usually read immediately before the introduction or other main sections, these repetitions should not be annoying. On the other hand, the abstract should be completely self-explanatory. It should include:
the reason for doing the work, including the rationale or definition of the research.
justification of the objectives covered and the subject of the publication.
a brief description of the methods used. If the article discusses method(s) of analysis, the abstract shall describe the basic principles, scope and degree of accuracy of the new method(s).
results (trends of the more important results of the study are presented).
conclusions or inferences.
The summary should draw attention to new elements, observations and numerical data. It should be informative. Expressions such as 'is discussed' and 'is described' should be used infrequently. The summary should be specific, avoiding the use of general statements.
Summary must not exceed 200 words and should not be divided into paragraphs. It should not include references to the bibliography, figures or tables, equations, formulae, obscure abbreviations and acronyms. Scientific names should be included in the abstract where common names are mentioned for the first time.
Authors should prepare an English translation of the abstract to be published at the beginning of the article.
All abbreviations used in the text must be spelled out in full.
Below the abstract, authors should provide a list of up to 7 key words from the manuscript. The keywords should include the topic studied and the special techniques used. Keywords should be informative without reference in the main text. It is recommended that the keywords do not repeat terms from the title.
The paper should begin by clearly identifying the object of the study. Authors should state their working hypothesis or clearly define the research problem they aim to solve by conducting the present experiment. The reader is oriented to the scientific results of previous concepts and studies, which are reported in the form of a brief reference. References to the literature used should be limited to information that is essential to guide the reader. Most readers do not need lengthy literature reviews, especially of old hypotheses and models if newer ones are available, to be convinced of the relevance of the research. The purpose of the introduction is to provide sufficient background information to enable the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present study without the need to refer to previous publications on the subject.
The introduction should be brief and include:
a brief statement of the problem that justifies the research or hypothesis on which it is based.
the results of other scientific publications that need to be challenged or further developed.
explanation of general approaches and objectives. This section may indicate the means by which the problem was investigated especially if the research methods are new.
The Editorial Board of the conference will accept for publication manuscripts that are based on Experimental investigation of data or theoretical analysis, provided that acceptable results are obtained. The purpose of this section is to give sufficient detail of the analytical procedures, the set-up of the experiment, so that a competent scientist can repeat the experiment. The authors should provide information on the relevant technical specifications (process documentation), quantities, formulations and sources or suppliers of the materials used, and sample preparation methods.
If a commercially available product is used, the name and address of the manufacturer should be given in brackets. If necessary, the relevant chemical and physical properties of the reagents should be listed. It is preferable to give the chemical rather than the trade names of the materials used. All biological test objects not mentioned in the summary should be precisely identified by genus, species, variety, classification or special characteristics. The methods of analysis used in the study should be cited with reference(s) if possible. If the analytical techniques used are widely known, they should be described by their names only, with the authors cited in parentheses, and reference made to the bibliography. If the method used has been modified, a brief description of the modification to be applied shall be given unless the change is trivial. Give details of any unusual experimental set-up of the experiment or statistical methods used to process the data. This section may be organized chronologically, according to the sequence of analytical techniques used, or otherwise. This section may include tables, graphs, charts and figures.
This section should avoid a verbal restatement of facts that are already clear from a review of the attached graphs or tables. If the tables and figures are well thought out and constructed, they will show the reader both the results of the experiment and the experimental setup.
The tables, graphs and other illustrations in section Results should provide clarity in understanding the representative data obtained from the experiments. The data included in the illustrations and tables should not be discussed in detail in the text, but important and significant findings and discoveries should be noted. Where only a few measurements are presented, they should be treated descriptively in the text. Repeated measurements should be presented in tables or graphs.
The result of each experiment should be clarified in the text by addressing the specifics, e.g., "... one quantity is greater than the other, the result is linear over its range, or an optimal value has been found, etc.".
Finally, the results must be linked together. Often, this is the reason section Results be combined with a section Discussion. The Editorial Board does not recommend such a combination of the two sections.
In the section Discussion a scientific discussion and interpretation of the findings presented in section Results data, paying particular attention to the problem or hypothesis stated in the introduction. A good discussion in part Discussion should contain:
principles, relationships and generalizations that can be supported by the results obtained;
Placing emphasis on results and conclusions that are confirmed or not confirmed by the work of other researchers;
practical applications and theoretical impacts;
conclusions summarising the evidence in each case.
In the section Discussionif it is not combined with a section Results, generalizations of the results should not be made, but their relevance to science and practice should be discussed. It should be clear how the results offer a solution to the problems identified in section Introduction or presented as the purpose of the work. The research should be related to previous research papers along with an explanation of how and why it differs or agrees with them. References should be limited to those that are most relevant to the purpose of the discussion. Older knowledge should not be cited if it has been superseded or revised by more recent ones.
Speculation is encouraged, but it must be used judiciously and be firmly based on observation and subject to testing. When results differ from previously published similar results for unexplained reasons, possible explanations should not arise. Controversial issues should be discussed clearly and fairly (with an appropriate degree of impartiality).
Manuscripts must include a section Conclusion. The authors should include some significant conclusions that emerge from the results obtained in the study. These conclusions should be carefully worded so that they can be readily identified.
In this section, the authors may wish to acknowledge other scientific institutions, companies, government bodies or individuals who have contributed to or supported financially or otherwise the research presented in the manuscript, without title, in font Times 9.
Examples of literature citations
A. Mecke, I. Lee, J.R. Baker Jr., M.M. Banaszak Holl, B.G. Orr, Eur. Phys. J. E 14, 7 (2004)
M. Ben Rabha, M.F. Boujmil, M. Saadoun, B. Bessaïs, Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. (to be published)
Luigi T. De Luca, Propulsion physics (EDP Sciences, Les Ulis, 2009)
F. De Lillo, F. Cecconi, G. Lacorata, A. Vulpiani, EPL, 84 (2008)
Articles in English with a DOI number:
Articles in English without a DOI number:
Ramirez-Ramirez G., Chassagne D., Feuillat M., Voilley A., Charpentier C. Effect of wine constituents on aroma compound sorption by oak wood in a model system. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 2004, 55(1): 22-26.
Articles in the original language other than English:
Vlahova-Vangelova D., Balev D., Dragoev S. Morphological changes of m. Longissimus dorsi during acid marinating with sodium citrate. Agricultural Sciences, 2013, 5(14): 151-156 [in Bulgarian].
Articles published online ahead of print version as an Early View:
Yu H.Y., Lee S.-J., Lee S.Y., Lee S.K., Hur S.J. Effect of dietary bioactive compounds and biopolymer encapsulated lipids on metabolism of lipids in high fat diet-fed mice. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, Version of record online: 30 December 2016. In press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.201600310
Lawrie R. A. The storage and preservation of meat III. Direct microbial inhibition. In: Meat Science (Fourth Edition). Elsevier Ltd, Pergamon Press Oxford, New York, Toronto, Sydney, Paris, Frankfurt, 1985, pp. 159-168, Print ISBN: 978-0-08-030789-3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-030789-3.50002-6
Textbooks and handbooks:
Ray B, Bhunia A. Fundamental Food Microbiology (Fifth Edition). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. 2013, 663 pages. Print ISBN: 978-1-4665-6443-5, eBook ISBN: 978-1-4822-0866-5
Chapter in a book:
Dzhambazova T., Badjakov I., Dincheva I., Georgieva M., Tsvetkov I., Pavlov A., Marchev A., Mihalev K., Ivanov G., Kondakova V., Batchvarova R., Atanassov A. New Approaches for Detection of Unique Qualities of Small Fruits. In: Omics Technologies and Crop Improvement (N. Benkeblia Ed.). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. 2014, pp. 187-208, Print ISBN: 978-1-4665-8668-0, eBook ISBN: 978-1-4665-8669-7, DOI: 10.1201/b17573-9
Chapter in a book from a book series:
Mai D.S., Hoang N.K. Impact of climate change on foodborne pathogens. In: Foodborne Pathogens and Food Safety (Md. Latiful Bari, Dike O. Ukuku Eds). Food Biology Series, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. 2015, pp. 156-167. Print ISBN: 978-1-4987-2408-1, eBook ISBN: 978-1-4987-2410-4
Electronic books (E-books):
Guides and manuals presented in electronic format (Guides and manuals as e-books):
SAS/STAT user's guide, v. 9.3. Cary, NC, USA, SAS Institute, Inc. 2011. Available from:
Hermund D.B. Extraction, characterization and application of antioxidants from the Nordic brown alga Fucus vesiculosus. PhD thesis by National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, 2016 [in Danish]
Pandey R., Ratnani K., Ahmed S.,Williams J. Direct conversion of methane to hythane. US Patent 5516967, 1996.
Symposia, congresses, proceedings:
Leboš Pavunc A., Kos B., Beganović J., Gjuračić K., Šušković J. Selection of probiotic strains from Croatian traditional fresh cheese. Book of Abstracts of the 5th Central European Congress of Food, Bratislava, Slovakia, 2010, p. 176.
McVittie J., Jellis G., Flux A. Evaluation of wheat quality for the UK in the HGCA recommended list system. In: Using cereal science and technology for the benefit of consumers (S.P. Cauvain, L.S. Young, S.S. Salmon Eds). Proceedings of the 12th International ICC Cereal and Bread Congress; 2016 May 23-26, Harrogate, UK. Woodhead Publishing Ltd. and CRC Press, Boca Raton, Boston, Ney Work, Washington, DC, 2005, pp. 13-17. ISBN 978-0-8493-3771-0
AOAC Official Method 2003.08. Enumeration of Staphylococcus aureus in selected dairy foods. Gaithersburg, MD, USA, AOAC International, 2003.
ASTM D882-12. Standard test method for tensile properties of thin plastic sheeting. West Conshohocken, PA, USA: ASTM International; 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/D0882.
ISO 8586:2012. Sensory analysis - General guidelines for the selection, training and monitoring of selected assessors and expert sensory assessors. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 2012.
AACC Method 44-15.02. Moisture - air-oven methods. St. Paul, MN, USA, American Association of Cereal Chemists (AACC) International, 2010.
Official methods in languages other than English:
BDS EN ISO 660:2009. Animal and vegetable fats and oils - Determination of acid value and acidity (ISO 660:2009). Sofia, Bulgaria: The Bulgarian Institute of Standardization, 2009 [in Bulgarian]
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Analysis of the baseline survey on the prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in certain ready-to-eat foods in the EU, 2010-2011. Part A: Listeria monocytogenes prevalence estimates. EFSA J. 2013, 11(6): 3241. http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3241
WHO Technical Report No. 940. Evaluation of certain food additives: 67th report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Geneva, Switzerland, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and World Health Organization (FAO/WHO), 2006. Available from: http://www.who.int/WHO_TRS_ 940.pdf
STATISTICA, v. 12, StatSoft, Inc., Tulsa, OK, USA, 2012. Available from: http://www.statsoft.com
Clustal W., v. 2.1. Dublin, Ireland: UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, 2014. Available from: http://www.clustal.org
NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library, NIST 14, v. 2.2g. Gaithersburg, MD, USA: National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2013. Available from: http://www.nist.gov/srd/nist1a.cfm
GenBank®. Bethesda, MD, USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), US National Library of Medicine, 2015. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
Resources to Reserves 2013 - Oil, gas and coal technologies for the energy markets of the future. Paris, France. International Energy Agency (IEA), 2013. Available from: http://www.iea.org
BRENDA. The Comprehensive Enzyme Information System. Braunschweig, Germany: Institute of Biochemistry and Bioinformatics, Technical University of Braunschweig, 2014. Available from: http://www.brenda-enzymes.info/
MetaCyc Metabolic Pathway Database. Menlo Park, CA, USA. SRI International. Available from: http://metacyc.org
Electronic material and websites:
Global opportunities for whey and lactose ingredients 2010-2014. 3ABC - 3A Business Consulting. Available from: https://www.scribd.com/document/309374689/Report-information-Global-Opportunities-for-Whey-and-Lactose-Ingredients-2010-2014-pdf
Huntrod D. Carrot profile. Agricultural Marketing Resource Center (AgMRC). Ames, IA, USA, Iowa State University, 2013. Available from: http://www.agmrc.org
Arrange the list of literature used alphabetically according to the last names of the authors. Two or more articles by the same author(s) should be arranged in chronological order; two or more articles from the same year should be identified by the letters a, b, cetc. All articles by an author should precede his/her articles in which he/she is the lead author. The ordering of references cited with the same lead author should be organized alphabetically by the last names of subsequent co-authors and then by year when names are repeated verbatim.
Do not capitalize the title of the article, except for the first letters of proper names and the first letter of the title words (if the text is in English). Titles of periodicals (scientific journals) and books should not be abbreviated but should be spelled out in full.
Units of measurement
The SI system has been adopted as the mandatory standard. If any non-standard abbreviations are to be used, they must be defined when first encountered in the text.
Tables, figures and graphs
References to tables, graphs and figures in the text should be in sequential order.
Figures are of two types: graphics or pictures (photographs). Photographs must have good contrast and proper focus throughout the entire shooting. In addition, the following may be treated as figures in the form of conventional line graphs: complex formulae, flow charts, metabolic schemes and large or complex tables.Figures are reproduced photographically and almost always at a reduced size from the original provided by the authors. It is therefore necessary for the authors to plan as much reduction as possible so that the figures are reduced to fit in one column of the journal (69 mm). All letters, figures and symbols should be large enough in the original to be at least 1.5 mm high after their reduction. Use standard characters such as: a, b, c, d, f.
Preparation for publication
The proofreading pages will be sent to the authors for a final check before publication. Changes other than correction of typographical errors will be allowed only at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. Once corrected, manuscripts should be returned to the editors as soon as possible. Otherwise, the editor reserves the right to correct the proofs independently and send the material as is for publication.